The constant state of anxiety during the pandemic period causes depression. In this period, one goes through malaise, unwillingness and low mood. In this case, the increase in the frequency and severity of the migraine headaches results in a decrease in the quality of daily life, as well as the quality in school or work life. Unfortunately, less than five percent of migraine sufferers consult a specialist for pain management.
During this period, sleep patterns are disturbed
Experts state that migraine is also very closely related to sleep. It is very important that the sleep routine of migraine patients does not change. Unfortunately, during the pandemic period, the sleep patterns of many who stay at home or work from home have deteriorated. However, all kinds of sleep disorders, such as insufficient sleep, excessive sleep and changes in the routine of sleeping hours, can trigger migraine.
Some foods can cause migraine attacks
Nourishment also plays an important role in migraine attacks. Many products such as processed foods (for example salamia and sausage), chocolate, excessive caffeine consumption, some alcoholic beverages, fried foods and some types of cheese can trigger migraines. Furthermore, artificial sweeteners such as aspartame, foods with high tyramine content, foods containing monosodium glutamate additive activate the contraction and subsequent enlargement in the vessels, called vasoconstriction. These vessels form the migraine mechanism and the vasoconstriction leads to the emergence of migraine attack. Different studies have shown that weight gain, as well as nourishment, is effective on migraine. During the pandemic period, it has been observed that many people experienced weight gain. In obese patients, the risk of migraine to be a chronic illness, that is, a form with 15 or more attacks per month, is 5 times higher. It has been also observed that the frequency and severity of migraine attacks increased in patients with insulin resistance.
Sedentary lifestyle triggers migraine
Experts called everyone to “stay home” during the pandemic. Of course, inactivity adversely affected migraine patients as in many diseases. Experts recommend walking and exercising in the open air for migraine patients as well as medication. However, patients could not do these exercises during this period. It is important to walk outdoors by taking necessary precautions such as maintaining social distance and wearing a mask. Besides, light sensitivity, which we call photophobia, is crucial in patients with migraine. Since bright lights and sunlight can trigger attacks, it is important not to walk when the sun’s rays are steep. Moreover it would be better to protect themselves with a wide hat and sunglasses while walking.