Crying is a universal language, but it doesn’t always mean the same. We know we cry and relax when we are very sad or very happy. But do we know what other reactions are happening in our body?
Since ancient times, philosophers and scientists have tried to explain the reasons for crying. Tears, the most basic element of crying, can be considered a common language that people use to express their emotions. However, the expressions of tear and crying behavior may vary according to the social context. Although the act of crying is usually associated with negative emotions such as sadness, grief and regret, people may also exhibit crying behavior in the face of positive emotions.
Only people cry emotionally
In the late 19th century, the term emotional incontinence (emotional abduction) was used in the psychiatric literature, which states that public crying is equally embarrassing to urinate in public. Even today, crying can be seen as an action that needs to be stopped, only exhibited in extraordinary situations and behind secret doors. However, as much as laughing, pouting, talking and making love is natural in the flow of life, crying is also a natural act.
Crying is actually a unique human behavior. Especially emotional crying seems like a unique human behavior. Although documents are published occasionally stating that animals also shed emotional tears, the majority of scientific research reports that animals shed tears as part of their normal ocular function. Only people exhibit crying behavior due to sadness and other complex emotions.
Two effects of crying: physical and emotional
The effects of crying on our body as a result of physical and emotional situations can also be physical or emotional. Emotions experienced before crying are perceived by the body as a danger signal. The physical process works as follows: The amygdala, which is the emotional processing center of the brain, sends a signal to the hypothalamus in response to these experiences. Meanwhile, his heart rate begins to accelerate. To accelerate the fighting or escaping response in the face of danger, the autonomic nervous system activates the sympathetic nervous system. In the meantime, neurotransmitters called acetylcholine bind to receptors that send signals to the tear glands in the brain to produce tears. The reservoirs of the tear glands fill very quickly and they find their way through the nasal cavity and are expelled from the body.
The most important skill of the human process
Experts emphasize that it is still unknown why intense emotions make us cry. “From the evolutionary point of view, the tendency of the human baby to cry is an adaptive action because it increases the probability of survival and future reproduction. A human baby can only gain the attention of his parents by crying. Thus, it can get the attention and care it needs.”
Crying can be called the best way of telling our moments that we cannot express verbally and words are not enough in real terms. From a psychodynamic point of view, crying is interpreted as the discharge of previously suppressed emotions or a return to childhood emotions and experiences. Unlike biochemical theories, crying action and tears are tools to remove harmful toxins from the body.
Crying is like laughing
So what do we feel after crying? 60 to 70 percent of people say crying brings psychological benefits to them. This condition is a feeling of tension and relaxation defined by the term catharsis. The discharge of suppressed emotions and tension also plays an important role in the treatment of mental health problems such as depression, anxiety and stress. Some studies have revealed that crying increases the release of hormones that are responsible for eliminating stress. There are scientific studies showing that deep breaths taken during crying play an important role in reducing the severity of stress symptoms. In summary, crying has a relaxing effect both physically and psychologically. Crying is just as functional as laughing, and just as laughter has no race, age, or gender, there is no crying.